Ryan Photographic - Monacanthidae - Filefishes & Leatherjackets


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Family Monacanthidae

Fishbase lists 107 species of monacanthids in 28 genera. They inhabit the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, some species being found in temperate regions. Australia hosts 58 species in 23 genera. They are closely related to the triggerfishes. Like the triggerfishes many filefish can lock their first dorsal spine in place using the much smaller second dorsal spine. Some filefish are capable of stunningly fast color change. The photos of Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos the Shortsnout filefish were taken within seconds of each other. At one moment I was looking at a dead leaf - in the next I was watching a green filefish swim away at passes for high speed amongst filefish. For more information than I have presented here see the excellent Wikipedia article.

 

Acreichthys radiatus Radial filefish

Acreichthys radiatus Radial filefish Puerto Galera, Philippines

FISH 5586 Acreichthys radiatus Radial filefish Puerto Galera, Philippines.

Acreichthys radiatus Radial filefish Puerto Galera, Philippines

FISH 5589 Acreichthys radiatus Radial filefish Puerto Galera, Philippines. The stunning crypsis doesn't work so well when it moves away from the soft coral in the previous photo above.

Acreichthys tomentosus Bristle-tailed filefish

Acreichthys tomentosus Bristle-tailed filefish, Lembeh Strait

FISH 6151 Acreichthys tomentosus Bristle-tailed filefish, Lembeh Strait

Aluterus scriptus Scrawled filefish

Aluterus scriptus Scrawled filefish, Fiji

Aluterus scriptus Scrawled filefish, Fiji

Aluterus scriptus Scrawled filefish detail, Kri, Raja Ampat, West Papua

FISH 0536 Aluterus scriptus Scrawled filefish detail, Kri Eco, Raja Ampat, West Papua

Cantherhines dumerilii Barred or vagabond filefish

Cantherhines dumerilii, Barred or vagabond filefish, Roca Partida, Revillagigedo Islands

FISH 1759 Cantherhines dumerilii, Barred or vagabond filefish, Roca Partida, Revillagigedo Islands

Cantherhines macrocerus Whitespotted filefish

Cantherhines macrocerus Whitespotted filefish, Glover's Reef, Belize
Cantherhines macrocerus Whitespotted filefish 2, Glover's Reef, Belize

Cantherhines pardalis Wirenet filefish

Cantherines pardalis Wirenet filefish Puerto Galera, Philippines

FISH 5085 Cantherhines pardalis Wirenet filefish Puerto Galera, Philippines.

Chaetodermis pencilligera Leafy filefish

Chaetodermis pencilligera Leafy filefish, captive specimen
Chaetodermis pencilligera, Leafy filefish, Lembeh Strait

FISH 6497 Chaetodermis pencilligera?, Leafy filefish, Lembeh Strait

Chaetodermis pencilligera, Leafy filefish, Lembeh Strait

FISH 6497 Chaetodermis pencilligera?, Leafy filefish, Lembeh Strait

Chaetodermis pencilligera, Leafy filefish, Lembeh Strait

FISH 6498 Chaetodermis pencilligera? Leafy filefish, Lembeh Strait

Monacanthus tuckeri Slender filefish

Monacanthus tuckeri, Slender filefish, Roatan

FISH 3240 Monacanthus tuckeri, Slender filefish, Roatan

Monacanthus tuckeri, Slender filefish, Roatan

FISH 3270 Monacanthus tuckeri, Slender filefish, Roatan

Oxymonacanthus longirostris Longnose filefish

Oxymonacanthus longirostris Longnose filefish photographed in Matamanoa, Fiji

Paraluteres prionurus Mimic filefish

Paraluteres prionurus Mimic filefish, Kadavu, Fiji. The puffer it mimics can be seen here.

Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos Shortsnout filefish

Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos Shortsnout filefish male Puerto Galera, Philippines

FISH 5247 Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos Shortsnout filefish male masquerading as dead leaf Puerto Galera, Philippines

Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos Shortsnout filefish male Puerto Galera, Philippines

FISH 5252 Paramonacanthus curtorhynchos Shortsnout filefish. Same fish as above ten seconds later.

Pervagor aspricaudus Orangetail filefish

Pervagor aspricaudus Orangetail filefish, Puerto Galera, Philippines

FISH 4587 Pervagor aspricaudus Orangetail filefish, Puerto Galera, Philippines.

Pseudomonacanthus macrurus? Strapweed filefish

Pseudomonacanthus macrurus Strapweed filefish Night time Raja Ampat

FISH 9808 Pseudomonacanthus macrurus? Strapweed filefish Night time Raja Ampat

 

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